PAR Monitor 2019/2020 package

The PAR Monitor 2019/2020 is the result of monitoring work performed in 2020 by the members of the Think for Europe Network, and it represents a compilation report of key findings from across the Western Balkans in the six areas of PAR defined by the Principles of Public Administration (SIGMA principles). As the second systematic PAR monitoring done in the region by civil society, this report offers not only comparisons between Western Balkan (WB) administrations but also a comparison with the baseline PAR Monitor findings of the 2017/2018 monitoring cycle.

PAR Monitor reports are based on a comprehensive methodological framework designed by the WeBER research team that combines quantitative and qualitative sources of evidence. With the SIGMA principles as the building blocks of monitoring work, PAR Monitor reports are complementary to similar work by SIGMA/OECD and the European Commission, differing in that they offer citizen and civil society perspectives on these principles. Together with this comparative regional report, the PAR Monitor package consists of six national reports, each including findings on a total of 23 compound indicators to monitor a selection of SIGMA Principles.

In line with the mission of the WeBER2.0 initiative, these monitoring exercises are driven by the necessity to strengthen domestic, bottom-up pressure for PAR from civil society in the region, especially from the view of keeping demand for this reform ongoing in the event of the loosening of the EU’s conditionality which may come with membership in the Union.


The Western Balkan PAR Monitor is available for download here: English

Flag: Albania on Twitter Twemoji 14.0

The National PAR Monitor Albania is available for download here:  English AlbanianFlag: Bosnia & Herzegovina on Twitter Twemoji 14.0The National PAR Monitor Bosnia and Herzegovina is available for download here: English BHS

Flag: North Macedonia on Twitter Twemoji 14.0The National PAR Monitor North Macedonia is available for download hereEnglish | Macedonian

Flag: Kosovo on Twitter Twemoji 14.0The National PAR Monitor Kosovo is available for download here: English Albanian
Twitter (Twemoji 14.0)The National PAR Monitor Serbia is available for download here: English Serbian

Flag: Montenegro on Twitter Twemoji 14.0The National PAR Monitor Montenegro is available for download here: English

The model of staged accession to the European Union: Addressing the four key concerns

The model of staged accession has captured some attention in the discussions on the future of the EU enlargement policy. Initially published in October 2021, the proposal has so far inspired several cross-European debates, and gained support by numerous members of the expert community as well as some policymakers. Although the proposal has had a promising start, it is yet to gain recognition by the EU institutions and wider support from EU member states. Finding consensus on such an out-of-the-box solution becomes all the more warranted at the time when the enlargement process seems to be at an impasse. In order to take a step closer towards overturning the status quo, this paper discusses the doubts and concerns about the model that have been raised in the discussions held to date.

Download the Paper here.